Assisted Reproductive Techniques (АRТ procedures)

1. IVF – classic In Vitro Fertilization

- ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophins and its following with ultrasound
- follicular puncture
- fertilization of the recovered ova with sperm from the partner treated in the laboratory
- cultivation of the resulting embryos
- embryo transfer
- luteal phase drug support

2. ICSI - Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection

- all listed procedures for classical IVF
- variant of the aboratory fertilization of the egg at which a single spermatozoon is injected with micro needle in the egg’s cytoplasm


3. IVM - In Vitro Maturation

- variant of IVF treatment, which does not apply to hormonal stimulation

- follicular puncture in the early stages of the menstrual cycle and aspiration of the immature eggs

- cultivation of immature eggs in the laboratory for their maturation (maturation)

- fertilization of mature eggs by conventional IVF/ICSI procedures

- cultivation of the resulting embryos

- embryo transfer

- luteal phase drug support

4. IVM - In Vitro Maturation

Microsurgical techniques to obtain spermatozoa in the grave forms of male sterility

Carried out by urologist with suitable anesthesia. The following methods are used, depending on the place and extraction mode of spermatozoa:

- PESA - Percutaneus Epididymal Sperm Aspiration
- MESA - Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration
- TESA - Testicular Sperm Aspiration
- TESE - Testicular Sperm Extraction

5. Cryoconservation of ova, spermatozoa and embryos

- freezing of ova, spermatozoa and embryos

- their storage at -196 degrees

- their defrosting and use for IVF, ICSI or IUI

6. IUI - Intra Uterine Insemination

- timing the ovulation by using ultrasound

- processing the semen of the partner in the laboratory for extraction and concentration of the best quality sperm - placing the treated sperm with a little broth directly into the uterus using a very fine catheter

In IUI conception occurs naturally in the woman’s body.

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1407 Sofia
Vita Hospital (Second Building) - № 10 "Filip Kutev" Str.,
Phones: +359882060433, 02 45 22 141
Е-mail: [email protected]